Rediscovering Hobkirk's Hill  Archeological Reconnaisance & Computerization of Hobkirk's Hill
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ARCHH Project
History of the Battle
Order of Battle Colonel Frances Lord Rawdon
Major Gen. Nathanael Greene
The King's American Regiment (KAR)
63rd (The West Suffolk) Regiment of Foot
Volunteers of Ireland
New York Volunteers

Col. Frances Lord Rawdon
Volunteers of Ireland 140
New York Volunteers 160
King�s American Regiment 160
63rd Regiment of Foot Infantry 180
Robertson�s detachment 40 (rifle armed light troops)
Convalescents 50
South Carolina Militia 130
Maj. John Coffin�s Dragoons 60 (mounted)
Detachment of Royal Artillery and two 6-pounder cannon 20

Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene
Col. Otho Holland Williams - Left Flank Brigade Commander
1st Maryland Regiment 200 - Col. John Gunby
Capt. Robert Kirkwood�s Delawares 40
2nd Maryland Regiment 200 - Lt. Col. Benjamin Ford

Gen. Isaac Huger - Right Flank Brigade Commander
1st (4th) Virginia Regiment 200 - Lt. Col. Samuel Hawes
2d (5th) Virginia Regiment 200 - Lt. Col. Richard Campbell

Capt. John Smith's Light Infantry Company

Lt. Col. William Washington�s Cavalry 90

Col. James Read�s North Carolina militia 254 - reserves

Col. Charles Harrison�s artillery company and three 6-pounder cannon 40

The Kings American Regiment (KAR)
This Provincial Regiment was recruited by Loyalist Col. Edmund Fanning in January 1777 in New York where they served garrison duty. In 1778 they were moved to Rhode Island and fought at Quaker Hill. The regiment, under Gen. Leslie, sailed to Virginia and onto South Carolina in October 1780 to reinforce the British hold on South Carolina. They were posted to Georgetown, SC.

The Kings American Regiment (KAR) left Georgetown, SC on 24 February 1781 and marched to Camden, two months to the day after their arrival there. At the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill on 25 April 1781, the regiment formed the front left flank of the British line and had behaved superbly under fire. The KAR's light company was detached and on patrol after Patriot Gen. Francis Marion and Lt. Col. "Light Horse Harry" Lee with Lt. Col. John Watson Tadwell Watson and 500 men under his command. The KAR lost forty three killed wounded and missing, their highest casualties of the war; Henry Nase recorded the losses as simply "inconsiderable".

After the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill, the KAR battalion companies retreated to Charleston and were soon shipped to Savannah, Georgia. The KAR was divided and some companies returned to Charleston in December 1781 and some went to New York. The light company fought at Eutaw Springs in September 1781. The regiment was reunited in New York after the evacuation of Charleston in January 1783. After the war, most of the soldiers settled in Nova Scotia.
Todd Braisted, Royal Provincial website (as edited by Charles B. Baxley)

63rd (The West Suffolk) Regiment of Foot
The 63rd Regiment was raised as the Second Battalion of the 8th Regt. in 1756. On the 21st of April, 1758, and the 2nd Battalion was formed into the 63rd Regiment of Foot. The 63rd served in the West Indies during the 7 Years' War and were stationed in Ireland from 1764 to the 18th of April 1775, when the regiment sailed for Boston.

In the Revolutionary War, the 63rd served in the Battles of Bunker Hill (1775), Long Island and Fort Washington N.Y. (1776), the capture of Forts Clinton and Montgomery, N.Y. (1777), Brandywine and Germantown Pa. (Flank Companies, 1777), Monmouth N.J. (1778), and the capture of Stony Point, N.Y. (1779). In December 1779, the 63rd was sent to the second siege of Charleston.

A reinforced light company served as mounted infantry with Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton's British Legion at the Battles of Fishdam Ford and Blackstock, South Carolina, in the fall of 1780. In 1781, the light company went to Virginia with Lord Cornwallis, and serves on the raid of Charlottesville, the Battle of Green Spring, and the fall of Yorktown. The battalion companies remained in South Carolina, and served under Lord Rawdon at the Battles of Hobkirk's Hill and under Lt. Col. Stewart at the Battle of Eutaw Springs.

The 63rd left South Carolina in the spring of 1782, with the fleet of 300 vessels which carried away the troops remaining in Carolina after Lord Cornwallis' surrender at Yorktown, together with 15,000 loyalists and slaves seeking new homes. The 63rd went to the West Indies and from whence it returned to England after the peace of 1783.
Todd Braisted, Royal Provincial website (as edited by Charles B. Baxley)

Volunteers of Ireland
This Provincial Regiment was raised by Lord Francis Rawdon in 1778 in New York. Posted in New York in 1779, they sailed South with Gen. Clinton in March 1780 for the April and May 1780 siege of Charleston, SC. They fought at the Battle of Camden and remained on garrison duty at Camden after Lord Cornwallis marched the main British Army into North Carolina.

The Volunteers of Ireland fought under Lord Rawdon at Hobkirk's Hill and under Lt. Col. Stewart at Eutaw Springs in September 1781. They were posted in Charleston until they sailed for Ireland in August 1782.
Todd Braisted, Royal Provincial website (as edited by Charles B. Baxley)

New York Volunteers
Formed by troops recruited by Lts. Duncan Campbell and Alexander Grant in New York, this Corps was embodied in 1775 as a Provincial Regiment. They were posted in the Northern Department and saw action on 27th August 1776 on Long Island, at White Plains in October following and in the storm of Fort Montgomery on the 6th October 1777. The New York Volunteers sailed South with Lt. Col. Alexander Campbell and participated in the successful capture of Savannah in December 1778 and in the defense of Savannah in October 1779. The regiment fought at the siege of Charleston in May 1780 and successfully defended the British outpost at Rocky Mount under the command of Lt. Col. George Turnbull when attacked by Gen. Thomas Sumter on August 1, 1780. They fought in the Battle of Camden and remained at Camden after Lord Cornwallis took the main British army to Charlotte and into Virginia after the Battle of Camden in August 1780.

After the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill on April 25, 1781, the regiment fought at Eutaw Springs in September of 1781.
Todd Braisted, Royal Provincial website (as edited by Charles B. Baxley)